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Posts tagged ‘hangeul’

Display Korean Font on a Mac in Word 2011

Documents that contain the default Microsoft Korean font, Malgun Gothic, display boxes instead of characters

If you experience this issue, substitute the Gulim font for the Malgun Gothic font. Click Word >Preferences > Compatibility. Click Font Substitution, then under Substituted font, select Gulim.

…blah, blah, blah.

IOW, just highlight your text and change the font to a Korean font.


Korean Alphabet

Korean is like Japanese as a verb- or adjective-final language. There are 8 simple vowels:

ㅣ, ㅡ, ㅜ respectively: e, eu, ooh
ㅔ, ㅓ, ㅗ respectively: eh, aw, o
ㅐ, ㅏ respectively: a, ah

An additional stroke makes each of the six single-letter vowels into a “y” dipthong:

ㅑ, ㅕ, ㅛ, ㅠ, ㅒ, ㅖ

Additional “w” sounding dipthongs are created by adding the simple vowels, ㅗ, ㅜ, and ㅡ, to ㅏ, ㅐ, ㅣ, ㅓ, ㅔ, ㅣ:

ㅘ, ㅙ, ㅚ, ㅝ, ㅞ, ㅟ, ㅢ

There are nine consonant letters:

ㅁ: this represents the lips
ㄴ: this represents the tongue touching the frontal palate (gum/teeth line)
ㅅ: this is the same position as ㄴ, except you force air out between your gum line and tongue (like an “s”)
ㄱ: this is the back of the tongue touching the posterior palate, like stopping yourself from swallowing (“k” or “g” sound)
ㅇ: this is a throat sound, similar to the “ng” in present progressive word endings (goi”ng”)

Derived from these nine consonants are as follows to make a total of 19 consonants:

ㅁ–> ㅂ –> ㅍ and ㅃ
ㄴ–> ㄷ –> ㅌ, ㄸ, and ㄹ
ㅅ–> ㅆ and ㅈ –> ㅊ and ㅉ
ㄱ–> ㅋ and ㄲ
ㅇ–> ㅎ

For a total of 21 vowels and 19 consonants.

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